Open-access books are downloaded, cited, and mentioned more than non-OA books*

Open-access books are downloaded, cited, and mentioned more than non-OA books*

* This UTS ePRESS blog post republishes the text of a CC BY licensed blog post by Carrie Calder who is Business Development and Policy Director, Open Research at Springer Nature. The original blog post of the same title appeared first in the LSE Impact Blog at: http://blogs.lse.ac.uk/impactofsocialsciences/2017/11/22/open-access-books-are-downloaded-cited-and-mentioned-more-than-non-oa-books/

Open-access journal articles have been found, to some extent, to be downloaded and cited more than non-OA articles. But could the same be true for books? Carrie Calder reports on recent research into how open access affects the usage of scholarly books, including the findings that OA books are, on average, downloaded seven times more, cited 50% more, and mentioned online ten times more. A number of accompanying interviews reveal that authors are choosing open access routes to publish their books not only because of wider dissemination and easier access but also for ethical reasons.

Carrie Calder writes:

From crowdfunding to book publishing charges (BPCs), funders, institutions, and publishers continue to experiment with different open access models for books. Limited funding in disciplines which traditionally use monographs as a form of scholarly communication means that while open access in journal publishing has been around since 2000, it’s only in the last five years that we’ve seen real progress in introducing open access for books. Likewise, open-access journals in the humanities and social sciences have seen limited progress in comparison to their STEM counterparts.

So are there any real benefits for authors and funders who take the leap to publish via open access models? Increased downloads and, to some extent, citations have been shown for open-access journal articles – could the same be true for monographs?

Springer Nature has published more than 400 open access books on SpringerLink, from monographs to shorter or mid-form research such as Palgrave Pivot and SpringerBriefs. This provides us with a solid and growing dataset from which to investigate this issue, the so-called “OA effect”.

Our report, “The OA effect: how does open access affect the usage of scholarly books?”, published last week, shows that open-access books are:

  • Downloaded seven times more – on average, there are just under 30,000 chapter downloads per OA book within the first year of publication, which is seven times more than for the average non-OA book.
  • Cited 50% more – citations are on average 50% higher for OA books than for non-OA books, over a four-year period.
  • Mentioned online ten times more – OA books receive an average of ten times more online mentions than non-OA books, over a three-year period.

Of course, this also varies by discipline. For the humanities, social sciences and law, OA books are downloaded on average 6.7 times more than non-OA books. OA books in these disciplines receive fewer downloads than the average across all subject areas for OA books, but the same applies to non-OA books in these disciplines.

A sample of 216 Springer Nature OA books and 17,124 non-OA books was included in the download analysis (using SpringerLink data); and 184 OA books and 14,357 non-OA books in the citations and mentions analysis (using data from Bookmetrix). The report also contains qualitative analysis from authors and funders. We have released aggregated data for all analyses which is available in pdf and Excel formats from the report landing page (we are unable to release the full data for title-by-title analysis as the non-OA title data is commercially sensitive).

It’s worth noting that although the report finds a positive correlation between OA books and higher downloads, it acknowledges that causation cannot conclusively be proved. Open access is a relatively new business model for books, and while we have a good dataset, at this stage there is insufficient data to give a complete overview of an OA book’s life. We acknowledge that there are limitations to our initial study and these are discussed further in the report.

So why do authors choose to publish via open access? It seems that some authors are convinced of the OA effect, but many cite ethical concerns just as highly. Our authors cited “wider dissemination” as one of the most common reasons for choosing an OA model, along with “easy access to research” and “ethical motivations”.

Helen Louise Ackers, Chair in Global Social Justice at the University of Salford is one of the authors who is motivated by ethical reasons: “I work with issues that have to do with inequality, so for me publishing a book that wasn’t OA on the impact of international development would be quite unethical, because I know that people in Uganda would not be able to read the book. For me it was an absolutely critical component to the ethics of publishing”.

Likewise, a philosophy professor from Germany who wanted to remain anonymous told us: “my motivation was political; if it is publicly-funded research (which it is in my case) then I think the public has a right to access these results without any boundaries, not having to pay twice”.

Other motivations listed include subject matter (particularly for authors publishing research on international development in low-income countries); the possibility of purchasing a cheaper print edition of the book; expectations of increased citations and downloads; and a perception that OA publication would mean a faster publishing time.

But, while authors and funders expected OA books to have more visibility, and to reach a wider audience, they did not feel sufficiently informed about the actual impact of their work and felt they lacked tools to measure it (few had heard of Bookmetrix, for example).

For us as publishers, we see the rise of open research, across books and data as well as journal articles, as important to advancing discovery. But as books have a much longer lifespan than scientific articles, and because citations build up over time, it is not possible to say what the definitive trends are, such as when the overall citation and usage peaks occur during an OA book’s entire lifespan, until further research and analysis has been carried out. We encourage others to build upon the foundation of this report, especially by continuing to assess metrics and authors’ and funders’ perceptions of OA over a longer period.

The author would like to thank Ros Pyne, Mithu Lucraft, Agata Morka and Christina Emery for their authorship of the original report, “The OA effect: how does open access affect the usage of scholarly books?, available for download now.

This article gives the views of the author, and not the position of the LSE Impact Blog, nor of the London School of Economics. Please review our comments policy if you have any concerns on posting a comment below.

About the author

Carrie Calder is Business Development and Policy Director, Open Research at Springer Nature.

For Carrie Calder’s original blog post, published by LSE Impact Blog, please go here.

UTS ePRESS

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Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing

As a member of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) and the Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA), UTS ePRESS supports the excellent work done by these organisations and the World Association of Medical Editors (WAME) to help establish Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

UTS ePRESS, therefore, would like to promote the release of the third and most recent version of those principles and best practice:

https://publicationethics.org/news/principles-transparency-and-best-practice-scholarly-publishing-version-3

UTS ePRESS Management

Anatomy Quizbook – Web Version – is now available

MEDIA RELEASE

Date 01/11/2017
UTS ePress relaunches leading title with tekReader interactive platform

UTS ePRESS, a leader in open access scholarly publishing, has chosen tekReader, an Australian publishing innovation, as the web based eReader platform for republishing its successful Anatomy Quizbook.

The Anatomy Quizbook is an interactive learning text that helps students, tutors, and anyone interested in anatomy learn, test, and improve their knowledge of the human body. Readers are presented with carefully selected questions and diagrams addressing core learning in clinically-relevant anatomy. This selective rather than exhaustive approach will especially suit time-poor scholars. Regular self-testing will also ensure a robust and strategic understanding of the subject matter.
Originally published in PDF, UTS ePRESS have now relaunched the Anatomy QuizBook in tekReader an interactive publication format that combines the power of the web with the user experience of a contained publication that intuitively reflows to optimise reading on any device. You can now access the Anatomy Quizbook for free on tekReader @ https://utsepress.tekreader.com

 
Belinda Tiffen, Director of UTS ePRESS, said;
“The Anatomy Quizbook has been one of our most successful published texts to date. We wanted to make the Quizbook an engaging learning experience through interactive design elements, which we could not fully achieve in PDF. By republishing it in tekReader we can now offer our readers a web based publication with an immersive, interactive, reading experience that intuitively reflows for an optimal reading experience on any device, mobile or PC. This any-device capability is an important aspect of our mission as an open access publisher to make UTS ePRESS scholarly publications widely accessible. tekReader’s browser based eReader also means we’ll be able to use analytics to track audience behaviours which will better inform future product development”.

Don Stolee founder and CEO of eGloo Technologies and tekReader’s creator said;
“We’re delighted to be partnering with such a leading University and open access publisher. tekReader’s innovation is a perfect fit for UTS and the ePRESS as part of its aim to advance scholarly communication through new modes of technology. tekReader is not just an eReader or publishing system but, being API first, content and multimedia published through tekReader can be easily integrated and merged across different platforms including the University’s learning management system.”

About UTS ePRESS
UTS ePRESS is the digital, open access scholarly publishing arm of the University of Technology Sydney (UTS). Focusing on open access digital formats, UTS ePRESS publishes scholarly journals, books and conference proceedings and is the leading scholarly publisher of peer reviewed open access journals in Australasia. UTS ePRESS also publishes many high quality scholarly texts across a wide range of academic disciplines, with particular strengths in the humanities, arts and social sciences. http://epress.lib.uts.edu.au/

About tekReader
tekReader is an HTML5 eReader that renders and displays data-rich documents. Users can access, view and interact with documents using modern web browsers found on desktop computers and mobile devices. Responsive and adaptive web design provides an optimal user experience as the UI, content and functionality responds and adapts to any screen size. A true interactive document format, tekReader can be installed independently or combined with tekAuthor and tekPublish to create an end-to-end publishing solution. www.tekReader.com

For further information contact
utsepress@uts.edu.au

tekReader Anatomy Quiz

Stephen Hawking and Open Access

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My thoughts on revolutionising scholarly publishing in the digital age

Source: MalBooth.com – My thoughts on revolutionising scholarly publishing in the digital age

Author: Mal Booth

On 14 February I was on a panel talking about the future of academic publishing for ALIA Information Online 2017. As there was no time for me to explain all of this I thought I’d post it all here with all the relevant links.

Essentially, I’m exploring the following key issues that need to be dealt with if we are ever to substantially improve, let alone revolutionise, academic publishing: speed (to access); improved reach (wider audience, not just the privileged); transparency of process; openness (for access); an expectation to use multi-media (sound, video, images); appropriate metrics; better facility and recognition for collaboration across disciplines; and interactivity.

And as a university librarian (i.e. not a scholar), I can’t stop myself from thinking that maybe we also need to decide whether scholarly publishing is really about the sharing of knowledge or just a competitive game where points are scored for individual and institutional reputations.

I must also thank some of my colleagues at UTS for their advice and suggestions, but what is written here is my personal view and it is not necessarily reflective of our institution.

For the full post go here.

Special Issue on Ethnocracy

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Dear Reader,

In order to highlight the excellent content provided by UTS ePRESS Journals and Books we would like to take this chance to draw your attention to the (Open Access) Special Issue on Ethnocracy recently published by Cosmopolitan Civil Societies: an Interdisciplinary Journal. Below is the abstract of the Editorial Welcome to that Special Issue by James Goodman and James Anderson. Below the abstract is the DOI link which will take you to the full Editorial Welcome in PDF or HTML.

In addition, we would also like to draw your attention to an article in The Conversation that references articles in the Special Issue which provide more context and discussion on this important topic.

Enjoy your reading!

Editorial Welcome: Special Issue on Ethnocracy

James Anderson

ABSTRACT

This Special Issue of Cosmopolitan Civil Societies Journal focuses on the domination of social and political relations by Ethnocracy – rule or would-be rule by an ethnic group or ethnos, as distinct from Democracy or rule by the demos of all the people. Ethnocracy encompasses state regimes and associated political movements and parties that discriminate systematically in favour of a particular ethnic group (or groups) and against others. When we proposed the Special Issue in late 2014 ethnocratic practices were as prevalent as they had ever been; and now two years later they appear to be on the increase with an ethno-populist upsurge and the election or threatened election of governments pursuing ethnocratic agendas. From India to the USA, from Russia to Hungary, leading politicians openly discriminate against ethnic ‘others’ to attract support from ‘their own’ ethnic groups; across the European Union and in other liberal democracies they increasingly scapegoat ‘immigrants’ to hide their own inadequacies and further their political objectives. Now, more than ever, it is critical that the dynamics of ethnocracy are more clearly understood. This Issue documents the logics of ethnocracy in a variety of different contexts, posing questions about how it develops and how it can be challenged.
 …
For the full text of this article go to DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5130/ccs.v8i3.5283

UTS ePRESS announces partnership with Kudos

UTS ePRESS is excited and proud to announce its new partnership with award winning scholarly communication developer Kudos. Please see the Kudos video below for more information on their service:

 

With Kudos UTS ePRESS authors will be able to explain, enrich, share and measure the impact of their sharing with the Kudos dashboard for every one of their publications.

As Dr Belinda Tiffen, Director of Library resources at UTS, writes:

“As a growing open access publisher, a priority for UTS ePRESS is to extend the reach, impact and accessibility of the content we publish. Kudos shares our values of promoting high quality and ethical publishing and helps us broaden the support we can provide to UTS ePRESS authors, as well as giving us insight into the effectiveness of communications that UTS researchers undertake around works they publish elsewhere.”

For more information go to the UTS ePRESS site and go to “Contact”.